Down's Syndrome is the most frequently recognised form of learning disability.
Approximately one in every 1,000 babies in Scotland is born with Down's Syndrome. It occurs randomly at the point of conception and affects males and females alike. It is rarely hereditary and nothing the parents did before or during pregnancy can have caused it.
It is a lifelong condition and there is no cure; however, there are many ways to ensure that each individual with Down's Syndrome is given the right type and amount of support that they need to develop to their full potential.
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- Down's Syndrome is caused by an extra copy of chromosone 21 inside some or all of the body's cells.
- There are three types of Down's Syndrome: Trisomy 21 (95%), Translocation (4%) and Mosiac (1%).
- Approximately 717 babies are born each year in the UK with Down's Syndrome.
- The proportion of women having a termination after a prenatal diagnosis of Down's Syndrome has decreased from 92% in 1989-2010 to 90% in 2011-2013 in the UK.
- Children with Down's Syndrome are likely to have delays in speech and language skills which will affect their communication, interactions and education.
- It is estimated that about 41,700 people with Down's Syndrome live in the UK.
- The median life expectancy for people with Down's Syndrome is 58 years.
- Adults with Down's Syndrome have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia after age 40.
- People with Down's Syndrome have the same feelings and moods as everyone else.
- Many children with Down's Syndrome attend mainstream schools and many adults can live independently and hold down jobs.
Ten facts about Down's syndrome ...
Is Down’s Syndrome a lifelong condition?
What causes Down’s Syndrome?
Extra copy of chromosome 21
Injury during birth